Shop Forum More Submit  Join Login
The extinct reptiles that dominated our planet over 66 million years ago have long captured our imaginations.

As more is understood about dinosaurs, for the most part, our perceptions of them have changed. But some myths have endured thanks to depictions that made certain dinosaurs household names.

Museum dinosaur experts Dr Susie Maidment and Prof Paul Barrett reveal some of the common mistakes made about the ancient reptiles that once
dominated Earth.…

(Peter Jackson's 2005 King Kong remake features a fictional Tyrannosaurus rex descendant called Vastatosaurus rex. The star, a 7.6-metre-tall gorilla,
takes down the mighty meat-eater with apparent ease. The reality (that is, if a giant gorilla were to exist) would likely have been very different.Paul explains, 'Tyrannosaurus's bite force was about three times stronger than that of an African lion - it had the strongest bite of any animal that has been measured. If T. rex had wrapped its jaws around King Kong's arm, he wouldn't have an arm left - it was a bone-crushing bite.')

Many people know about the errors of some dinos in Jurassic Park. Peter Jackson's 2005 King Kong is also included in that article (remake featured a fictional Tyrannosaurus rex descendant called Vastatosaurus rex.)

I especially want to talk about V. rex vs King Kong. I remember that weird scene. The V-Rex bites the King Kong's arm like 2 or maybe 3 times and nothing happens. I was like, what the hell is that ? For that one bite, King Kong's arm would have been ripped off. I understand that kong is the hero of the movie, perhaps they should have made kong escape from the bites of V-Rex. However when you battle against 2 predators at the same time, there is no way that you are going to escape from getting bitten and kong is fighting against 3 V-Rex.
Almost all of the time i find imperfection in many of my images. Sometimes i forget to add something in images and continued it that way. Then i solve that problem after several days and sometimes i find some other imperfection. Previously some of my images looked blurry than some of my other images. Still those blurry images are there. I can't able to properly identify the difference sometimes because my eyes are not good. I pretty much lived in pc itself
for 9 years and i spoiled my health, my eyes have some problems and i don't do anything about it.

Before few years, once i reduced the brightness of my pc screen as it seemed too bright in night time. So, daily i use to reduce the brightness by night time and one day i noted that i can't able to increase the brightness back to normal. Even though it is at 100 %, it seemed like the way i reduced it has been set to full brightness itself. That is some problem in pc. Ever since after that, when i make an image i can't able to identify some imperfections. It was one day when i viewed one of these images in mobile, the imperfections were very much visible because the brightness in the mobile is high which is actually normal. After that i sent some images to mobile and very well noted the imperfections. Usually a slight imperfection will bother me but this time i didn't wanted to do anything about it because i don't have much interest in these stuffs like once i had and these are not a part of my job either. Most importantly it will be more than annoying to make one image and send it to mobile and back to pc each time to fix problems. At the end of the day, i think there is nothing called as perfection.
Visitors to a US state park in Utah have been destroying 200 million-year-old dinosaur tracks by throwing them into the water, park officials say.

While this has been an ongoing problem for many years, officials say the damaging behavior has increased dramatically in the last six months.

The dinosaur tracks are one of the biggest draws to Red Fleet State Park and many have been irrevocably damaged. Visitors have been throwing the tracks around as if they were merely rocks.

:o (Eek) :| (Blank Stare) 
If extinction continues at its current pace, scientists are warning that cows could become the largest mammals left on earth. The 2,000-pound peaceful farm animals may end up the largest land dwellers left in "a few hundred" years thanks to a combination of hunting, poaching and carnivorous diets, according to a study published in the journal Science.

The study found that around 125,000 years ago, mammals in human-populated regions of the world were already 50 percent smaller on average than those in areas that mankind hadn't reached yet.The extinction of larger mammals is a pattern that has been continuing for thousands of years with numerous large mammal species, such as the woolly mammoth, falling by the wayside.Today, the largest land mammal is the elephant and this, too, is at risk of disappearing.

 "Species that went extinct tended to be two to three times bigger than mammals that survived, a trend that was evident globally," the study noted,
indicating that size and extinction rates were linked. Most mammals today are degrees smaller than mammals from thousands or millions of years ago.
"There is a very clear pattern of size-biased extinction that follows the migration of hominims out of Africa,” the study’s lead author, Ms Smith said.
If the trend continues “the largest mammal on Earth in a few hundred years may well be a domestic cow at about 900kg”, the researchers wrote.

Ms Smith said that the notion that climate change may have caused the disappearance of creatures like the woolly mammoth, elephant-sized sloths,
saber-toothed cats, and rhino is inaccurate. While shifting climates, like the dawn of the ice age, caused adaptations in animals it was not the primary cause of their extinction. She explained that in the past when an animal’s habitat was no longer suitable due to climate, it could simply move. But, humans eventually started getting in the way as people settled and developed.…

That makes me remember this quote...

(The question is, are we happy to suppose that our grandchildren may never be able to see an elephant except in a picture book ?

~ David Attenborough)

Scientists have found the fossil remains of an ichthyosaur that was almost the size of a blue whale. Finding the 85-foot ichthyosaur hints that other isolated bones from the U.K. may also belong to ancient behemoths. Biology textbook have long touted the modern blue whale as the largest animal that ever lived, but this and other fascinating fossil finds hint that there may once have been even bigger creatures swimming Earth’s seas.

Comparing the new fossil to the same bone in the jaw of Shonisaurus revealed that the new bone is 25 percent bigger. Scaling up the animal’s full body gave the team their 85-foot size estimate.Lomax says the discovery has led them to reinterpret a whole series of isolated bones found near the village of Aust in Gloucestershire, England. Some collected as early as 1850, these fragments had long been interpreted to be the limb or other bones of terrestrial dinosaurs, but this never quite made sense. The scientists realized these pieces also belonged to giant ichthyosaurs—and possibly to ones even bigger than the newly identified animal.

Darren Naish, a paleontologist at the University of Southampton in the U.K., agrees that the sizes of all these bones are astounding. He is part of a different team that recently examined the Aust bones and similarly concluded that they belonged to enormous ichthyosaurs. He concurs with the size estimates of the study authors, and says that these animals were “approaching or exceeding various giant baleen whales in size.”

It is difficult to provide an estimate for the skull length of the Lilstock specimen because the skull length of S. sikanniensis is itself an estimate, and relative skull length varies among shastasaurid taxa. Furthermore, there are clear differences in snout length in shastasaurids, some with long snouts (e.g. Shonisaurus popularis, Besanosaurus  and others with short snouts (Guanlingsaurus liangae).………

Ichthyosaur Blue whale 2018 Sameerprehistorica by SameerPrehistorica

I saw this news before few days. Well,i never believed that the blue whale is the largest animal ever to live on this planet. When there are fossils of giant animals, i always thought there might be some animal which could rival or slightly surpass the blue whale in size. Some people use to say that there is a limit in certain animals size and then you know that is not the case as later you get to know the fossils of similar species being bigger. You can't just say that is science etc etc because nature creates massive animals which is out of your math.

Now coming back to the story. After reading that this new ichthyosaur was almost the size of a blue whale, the first thing came to my mind -- Is this
ichthyosaur compared to the body proportions of shastasaurus sikanniensis or shonisaurus popularis ?

So the new fossil was compared to the jaw of Shonisaurus revealed that the new bone is 25 percent bigger. Now i am wondering is this Shonisaurus they
are talking about is the 50 ft shonisaurus popularis or 70 ft shastasaurus sikanniensis ? While some people claim that the 21 m estimate for shastasaurus
sikanniensis is wrong and it was only 18 m or 17 m. In the publication they mention the name shonisaurus sikanniensis but the name "sikanniensis"
belongs to shastasaurus. Wait a minute, once again they changed it back ?? 

Even though the 70 ft shastasaurus is the largest known ichthyosaur as well as the largest known marine reptile, it's body is long, somewhat slender and
has a short skull while the 50 ft shonisaurus has a long skull and a somewhat shorter body. So if you increase shonisaurus to 85 ft as i did in the image,
you get an animal which looks somewhat big compared to the blue whale. Maybe at this size 150 tonne is possible ?

While the length of 100 ft and 200 tonnes is not the normal size of a blue whale but people always use this large estimate in comparison to other animals,
so in that case still the blue whale looks slightly bigger in the image but this is the closest challenge for now from any animal and that also possible only if
this new ichthyosaur is based on shonisaurus body proportions. But if you use shastasaurus body proportions then don't think that this new ichthyosaur
will be almost as big as blue whale. Then again the publication also talks about another large ichthyosaur that could be larger then the newly discovered
individual. I hope after some days i don't see any news regarding both those ichthyosaurs size being reduced. I am sure no one would like to hear that.

Conservationists have warned that the death of the last male northern white rhinoceros in Kenya is a sign that unsustainable human activity is driving a new era of mass extinctions around the globe. 

Sudan, the “gentle giant” who lived in the Ol Pejeta conservancy in Kenyawas put down on Monday after the pain from a degenerative illness became too great. It leaves only two females - his daughter and granddaughter - through which conservationists hope they might save the species from dying out altogether using IVF.

Colin Butfield, campaigns director at WWF, said the death of a such an emblematic creature was a profound tragedy - and highlighted a wider crisis. Since 1970 average populations of vertebrate animals have more than halved, according to Butfield, and an estimated 10,000 “less celebrated” species are becoming extinct every year.  “It is absolutely huge,” he added.

About half a million rhinos roamed in Africa and Asia in 1900. But due to poaching – driven by the trade in Rhino horn – and habitat loss, that figure had fallen to 70,000 by 1970.

It was discovered on the banks of the Salado River, northwest of the province of Buenos Aires, a paleontological site has revealed a lot of fossils in recent weeks. The skull and jaw of this giant bear were almost complete.


It belonged to the genus of Arctotherium and i wonder how big is this specimen. 

Mostly i will be interested in large herbivorous animals. For a longtime i didn't much attempted to read about some of them as i was busy in something. Last year slowly i was showing some interest to know about some modern gentle giants other than elephants, the latter which i know very well. Usually i would upload a comparison and discuss things like these but since now iam not in a condition to do that, i just made this as a normal post.

As for bovines, Gaur seems to be pretty impressive. Then i turned my attention to horses. It won't surprise some of you that i would have searched for the largest horse. I noted that the draft horses are big and i like some of them having heavily muscular build. In this breed, i selected Shire horse and Belgian horse to my favourite list of animals.


The ancestors of modern animals are bigger in most cases. We know about extinct giant Bears, Bovids, Crocodiles, Camelids, Proboscideans, Felines etc etc. Now when it comes to giant horses, there is not much details about them.

If any of you horse lovers don't know about these things then this may sound interesting for you. I read in some sites where they mention that the horses we have now are the biggest than their ancestors which is not exactly true. There are some interesting informations about some giant equids from the paleontologist Vera Eisenmann.…

(Gigantic equids (Equus calobatus, E. capensis(cape giant zebra), E. enormis, E. giganteus, E. major, E. singularis, E. suessenbornensis, E. verae), (E.eisenmannae, E. koobiforensis), Pliocene, Pleistocene, North America, Beringida, Asia, Europe, Africa.

(The largest in the world monodactyl equids (modern draft horses, E. calobatus, E. capensis, E. enormis, E. giganteus, E.major, E. singularis, E. suessenbornensis, E. verae, and other fossils) are compared using different parameters: skull basilar lengths, occlusal dimensions of the upper cheek teeth, metapodial lengths and distal widths, estimated weights and withers heights. Although the estimations proved extremely difficult, some fossil equids could probably stand at least 180 cm at the withers and weighed more than 1000 kilos. Wild caballines and gigantic zebras never reached the size of Pliocene and Early Pleistocene equids. The North American stilt-legged equids have no equivalent among the Old World fossil or modern species.)

So there are some of those giant horses names and eventhough the sizes are uncertain, maybe one or two of them were in similar in size with E.giganteus. Then there is a 2m tall Giant cape zebra and i don't know how legit information this is that there was a giant donkey (Assinus giganteus).

The evolution of the horses usually talk about the dog-sized Eohippus into the modern horse. I wondered why the Giant horse (Equus giganteus) along with very few other giant equids was left out in the horse evolution charts. Who knows, Equus giganteus or possibly one more giant horse species that were either the size of the modern draft horses or somewhat larger being 21 - 23 hands high at withers and weighed 1,500 kg - 1,900 kg or more.
Previously couple of times i said that i am going to quit and now finally it's time for it. It could have seemed strange or funny to few people when i replied in comments,saying that i am not going to do a specific image which they wanted to see because i am going to quit soon and yet i was keep on coming here. It's because last year,it seemed like i am going to move to some other place but it didn't happened.

I had a bad childhood. Well,that is not called as a childhood. When you are forced to go to someone's house that you don't like,when you are forced to study something that you don't like and you quit from it someday and everything gets messed up and when you are living in a place that you don't like.These are the things which i experienced.I always seemed different to the people who knew me.My habits and interests were very different from any of them.The only one thing i can see from this people always is that,sometimes they go to their friends and neighbors house,eat more like some hungry carnivore and then talk bad about someone.Whether it is a function or funeral,this is the same they do.The most disgusting thing is that,they will smile and talk with that same person that they talked trash about to someone else.I realized that i don't belong to this place.But when it comes to moving somewhere, i have a big disadvantage so for that reason i can't able to do anything.But now there is a help from a person.

I could have ended my life before some years but i didn't.Sometimes i thought i could think about it later.But there is one help waiting for me from last year and hopefully this year it will work.So,i preferred to be alive and take this new weird journey.I don't know if this is called as a little luck or whatever but i deserved it. I was always like a 'question mark'. Sometimes there was no proper reason of why i did certain things and it can be applied to this new journey as well. This is not exactly what i wanted but at least it helps me to move away from this place which is much better than anything.

For the last 5 years,i spent insane amount of time on these images.One of the reason is that, i have great interest in animals but there is also one more reason which i don't want to talk about. In the beginning,i just thought i could add images of some of my few favorite animals like proboscideans,sauropods,ceratopsians etc etc but seriously i never expected that i would become more crazy and do several different animal images.Over time,this interest went out of control. There is a lot of images i did here. A person in my position won't spend much time in anything related to hobbies.Of course there are people from this site and other sites who could have made several images for different arts but there is a lot of difference between them and me.If i had a proper life as i expect then i could go on with these images,perhaps forever like some of those people but that is not the case.So, i wanted to put an end to this overwhelming thing i was doing here and now i did. This doesn't mean that i generally lost interest in animals,that will never happen.I always will love animals more than human beings for various good reasons.

Now,as for being in this site,there were always some people who supported me.When i joined in this site and added some pathetic images, there were some people who started to watch me and till now they are showing their support.Then those people who sent me messages about certain images they liked from me and what images they wanted to see.Then those people who commented and added the images to their favorites.To all these people,i say, thank you, thank you, thank you.I don't prefer to make a return here but you always never know the future.For example,one of my favorite wrestler once said that he never will come back to wrestling again and said some reasons.Then after longtime he did returned.Possibly i may return in the future. Still it seems highly unlikely to me.Where ever i will be,some of my favorite animals will live in my mind until i die.


Dino-a-Live will offer visitors the next best thing to real dinosaurs without the risk of being eaten.Described as a 'half visual spectacle and half wacky performance piece', the idea of a robotic version of Jurassic Park is the brain child of Japanese entrepreneur Kazuya Kanemaru.

During a presentation at an industry expo in Tokyo last week, Kanemaru impressed investors by introducing a robotic tyrannosaurus rex which attempted to gobble up one of the actors on-stage.

If the park does go ahead it will offer members of the public the chance to experience first-hand a realistic recreation of the prehistoric world using animatronics and human-operated robot dinosaurs.…


hmm,i hope nothing goes wrong.
Two weird, mammal-like reptiles that sort of looked like scaly rats, each smaller than a loaf of bread, roamed ancient Brazil about 235 million years ago, likely dining on insects the predators snagged with their pointy teeth, a new study finds. The analysis of two newfound species of cynodont, a group that gave rise to all living mammals, sheds light on how mammals developed from these late Triassic creatures, the researchers said.…

Sue the Tyrannosaurus rex — the most complete and best-preserved T. rex skeleton ever found — temporarily surrendered her arm to science. And the preliminary results suggest it wasn't doing her much good anyway.

Tests on Sue's arms at Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois showed few signs of stress, according to The Field Museum in Chicago, where this giant beast dominates the museum's main hall. The tests suggest that when this fearsome predator was alive more than 65 million years ago, she didn't use those itty-bitty arms very often, museum scientists said. "It's very early yet, but it seems like there aren't many signs of stress on the bones that would indicate frequent use," Peter Makovicky, associate director of dinosaurs at the museum, said in a statement. "Based on what we know now, it looks like T. rex didn't use its arms much, at least not as an adult, but there's still a lot to learn."…

This article makes me remember one of the documentaries i have seen where paleontologist Jack Horner talks about T.Rex arms in a funny way..While he was standing near a t-rex skeleton and when he looks at its arms, he says " T-rex, with its tiny little arms, can't grab anything, can't even put its hands together, can't reach its mouth, can't do anything, but scratch his belly." :D (Big Grin) 

In another documentary,he said something like, if t-rex tried to catch triceratops, all it's teeth would get stuck on the back of triceratops while the ceratopsian would run away.

Chew on this: A partial skull and jaw of a small crocodile relative that lived 100 million years ago has teeth that are more like a mammal's than a crocodilian's, according to a new study.

While crocodiles' toothy grins typically feature only cone-shaped teeth, this ancient crocodile relative from Morocco had more complex teeth, with specialized shapes that had pits surrounded by multiple pointed ends known as cusps.

High-resolution X-ray computed tomography (CT) scans allowed the scientists to examine the fossil noninvasively and revealed layers of replacement teeth that would've emerged as old teeth were worn down. In addition, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) magnified details of wear patterns, which were likely created when the crocs cracked and pulverized the exoskeletons of insect meals.…

The crocodilians are so diverse and something interesting. I can't able to pronounce this new crocodile's name properly. See it for yourself.

Some of the extinct animals name are weird and funny. Only one funny name i remember for now is Gooloogongia.

Measuring a whopping 42 inches across, an ancient dinosaur footprint has been found in the Gobi Desert.

Made between 70 and 90 million years ago, the fossilized footprint was found by scientists with Okayama University of Science working with Mongolian researchers. "This is a very rare discovery as it’s a well-preserved fossil footprint that is more than a meter long with imprints of its claws," reads a statement from the university, according to International Business Times.

At 106 centimeters by 77 centimeters, the footprint is roughly the size of a human torso and believed to have come from a long-necked titanosaur.……

Earlier this month, Russian scientists uncovered the remains of a giant animal in the Kemerovo region of Siberia.

"Specific structural features of this dinosaur make it differ from its relatives, according to what was said in an official release. We cannot say that this reptile was, for example, sturdier than the others because it is unknown yet," Sergei Leshchinsky, head of the Laboratory of Mesozoic and Cenozoic Continental Ecosystems at Tomsk State University, told Sputnik. This fossil was also found to be a titanosaur.…

Oh yeah, that sounds good. I love giant sauropods. The thing is, when a giant titanosaur fossil is unearthed, this sentence is applied in some of those news ------ ( One of the heaviest dinosaurs to walk the earth, titanosaurs are estimated to have weighed upto 90 tons.)

Many people would want to know about the weight of the newly discovered titanosaur but the news of the recently discovered giant titanosaurs usually is mentioned as 'Titanosaurs could weigh upto 90 tons'. Before a year or so, i sent a message to a paleontologist about the newly discovered giant titanosaur at that time and he replied that it's surprising that the article doesn't say anything about the newly discovered sauropod weight but rather saying that titanosaurs are a group of dinosaurs that weigh upto 90 tons.)

I wonder if i will ever hear the news about a 100 + ton sauropod before i die. Seems like it may not be possible in my lifetime.

"At first glance, teeth of Megalolamna paradoxodon look like gigantic teeth of the genus Lamna, that includes the modern porbeagle and salmon sharks," Shimada told Live Science in an email. "However, the fossil teeth are too robust for Lamna — it shows a mosaic of dental features reminiscent of the genus Otodus. So, we determined it to be a species new to science that belongs to the family Otodontidae with no direct relationship with Lamna."

By analyzing the tooth-to-body ratio of the shark's modern relatives in the lamniform family — including the sand tiger shark, mako shark and great white shark — the researchers estimated that M. paradoxodon could grow to be up to 12 feet (3.7 meters) long. That makes it smaller than the great white shark, which can reach lengths of between 15 and 20 feet (4.6 to 6.1 m).

However, it's hard to say exactly how large M. paradoxodon grew, said John-Paul Hodnett, a shark specialist and graduate student of biology at Saint Joseph's University in Philadelphia who was not involved in the study.

"For teeth, you should always be cautious of the fact that it is possible to have very large or small teeth in a shark's jaw, which do not represent the true aspect of the shark's body size," Hodnett told Live Science. For instance, some of the modern whale shark's teeth are tiny, but the beast can grow to be more than 40 feet (12 m) long, he said. 

The prehistoric teeth helped the researchers make another "mega" discovery. They compared them with the teeth of Carcharocles megalodon, an extinct species that is the most massive shark ever known to have lived. Both M. paradoxodon and C. megalodon belong to the extinct family of sharks known as Otodontidae, but scientists previously placed C. megalodon in a distinct lineage, Shimada said.

But Shimada and his colleagues now suggest that M. paradoxodon and C. megalodon are actually close cousins, and that C. megalodon should be should be placed in another genus called Otodus. 

"Carcharocles megalodon has been the typical expression for the fossil shark," Shimada said. "However, our new study clearly supports the idea suggested by a few previous workers that 'megalodon' should be placed within the genus Otodus, and thus it should be referred to as Otodus megalodon from now on."……

One of the coolest animal name is the combination of carcharocles megalodon, now it should be called as Otodus megalodon ? It doesn't sound that good to me. Well,i generally don't take all news seriously because several times after new discoveries, again and again some things changed. So,perhaps it's name might be changed again after another future discovery.
T. Rex Fossil with Well Preserved Skull Found in Montana

The famed Hell Creek Formation yields multiple bones from the iconic beast.
There's a new Tyrannosaurus rex fossil on the block, with a cute nickname and about 20% of its former body intact, including a well-preserved skull.

The T. rex was found by paleontologists from Burke Museum and the University of Washington (UW) in Montana's famous dinosaur-fossil haven, the Hell Creek Formation. It has been dubbed the "Tufts-Love Rex," in honor of the volunteer paleontologists who first noticed bones jutting out of a hillside: Burke Museum's Jason Love and Luke Tufts.

 The fearsome meat-eaters, with enormous jaws and razor-sharp teeth, were around 40 feet long and stood up to 20 feet tall. This find, the researchers say, would have been the height of a city bus at its hips and as long as one from head to tail-tip.

Tyrannosaurus rex fossils are uncommon finds, and even more so are well-preserved skulls. The UW and Burke team said their find marks just the 15th fairly complete skull in the world.…

First diagnosis of dinosaur arthritis shows it lived in pain

A dinosaur has been diagnosed with severe arthritis 70 million years after its death.
Scientists believe the hadrosaur, a plant-eating duck-billed dinosaur, must have endured considerable suffering before reaching the end of its life.

X-ray analysis of its fossilised elbow joint revealed evidence of septic arthritis, an especially nasty form of the disease caused by infection and known to afflict modern birds, crocodiles and humans.A micro-tomography scan — a high resolution version of the kind of CT scans used in hospitals — showed that the joint was fused and covered in bony growths.

It is the first time septic arthritis has been seen in a dinosaur, although another arthritic condition called osteomyelitis was quite common among the creatures.…
How did Carlex Design acquire elephant leather to dress up the seats of a Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat?
Sign the petition :…

Luxury cars are more important than animal's life ? What the hell is wrong with some humans ? Already more elephants are getting killed for ivory and now for their skin ?????


Other news of elephants skin trade and these are Asian elephants :…
Save cows from painful and untimely death.

The ingestion of plastic bags chokes the stomach of cows and up to 60 kg of plastic bags were found in the stomachs of cows. What appears to be a healthy cow is in fact a plastic-choked cow. 30-60 kg of plastic bags recovered from the stomachs of cows because of irresponsible disposal of plastic bags .

Sign the petition :…
When you add pictures in a folder in the gallery, the first image you added will keep on going down when you add new pictures and then a 2nd page is created and the old image will enter that page.

We can arrange pictures in one page,but is it possible to bring an image from the 2nd page to the 1st page in the gallery folder ?